Faucon crécerelle, kestrel, falco tinnunculus , turmfalke, torenvalk, tornfalk, gheppio, cernicalo vulgar.
Constant hovering is best pointer. In flight, long pointed wings(blunter in female) and long tail look rakush. Sexes same size.
No other small bird of prey has male's combination of blue-grey head and tail, spotted chestnut mantle and black tail bar.
Barred tail with terminal bar distinguishes female and immature from all other same-sized birds of prey excepte Lesser Kestrel.
Sparrowhawk has shorter and more rounded wings than female Kestrel, and quite different hunting techniques.
Call a loud shrill nuthatch-like 'kee-kee-kee'. Open country, with crags or scattered trees. Nest on rock-ledge, building or tree. 13 1/2 in.top